Things to Know about Malaria

What is Malaria?

Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by the plasmodium parasite. The parasite at first infects the anopheles mosquito which feeds on humans and then enters the human body, the parasite comes in contact with red blood cells and within 24-48 hrs the parasite inside the red blood cells multiply itself, causing bursting of infected cells. The parasite continues to spread in the body causing the symptoms felt during the malaria attack. an attack usually starts with shivering and chills, followed by high fever, followed by sweating and then back to normal temperature.

What causes malaria?

The parasite in mosquito which spreads malaria belongs to the plasmodium family. According to WHO, human malaria is caused by four different species of Plasmodium: falciparum, malariae, ovale, and vivax.

How is malaria transmitted?

Malaria is transmitted through either bitten by anopheles mosquito who itself is infected by a parasite or by using infected needles or by the transfer of infected blood.

What are the symptoms of malaria?

  • Shaking chills
  • High fever 
  • Profuse sweating
  • Headache 
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain in joints 
  • Weakness 

How you can prevent malaria?

Prevention is better than cure. If you live in a mosquito affected area, the following are some preventive measures:

  • Wear long pants and long-sleeved t-shirts
  • Use mosquito repellant
  • Use mosquito net 
  • Take anti-malarial drug when needed 
  • In case of severe problems contact your nearest doctor/physician asap.

What are the Do’s and Dont’s to cope with malaria?

Do’s:

  • High-fiber foods like whole-grain cereals must be avoided by malaria patients. Instead, the intake of fruits and pulses should be increased as they provide adequate nutritions.
  • Contaminated water should be disposed of.
  • Use mosquito net/ repellant.
  • Avoid water stagnation to avoid the breeding of mosquito.
  • Maintain hygiene and cleanliness not just inside home but around your surroundings as well.
  • Keep doors and windows closed.

 Dont’s:

  • Eating fried, processed food, spicy and junky food can lead to indigestion.
  • Consumption of caffeinated drinks must be avoided.
  • Wearing clothes that expose arms and legs.
  • Do not allow children to play outdoors in shorts and half/without sleeves clothes.

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